Unsold 2008 Super Duty pickups sit at a Ford dealership in Littleton, Colo. Ford announced Thursday it is cutting production.AP photo
DETROIT — Fast-rising gas prices claimed their latest victim Thursday: Ford Motor Co., which dropped its goal of becoming profitable by 2009 and said it will cut production of trucks and sport utility vehicles through the rest of this year. It was a warning shot to the rest of the beleaguered U.S. auto industry, which is facing its worst sales in more than a decade.
Dearborn-based Ford didn’t rule out layoffs or plant closures as it retrenches in a slumping industry, saying it would release more detail about its cost-cutting efforts in July. Ford cut its forecast for U.S. light vehicle sales this year to between 14.7 million and 15.1 million, down from 17 million as recently as 2005. If sales drop as low as 14.7 million, it would be the slowest year for U.S. vehicle sales since 1993, according to Ward’s AutoInfoBank.
Ford said it will cut North American production by 15 percent in the second quarter, 15 to 20 percent in the third quarter and 2 to 8 percent in the fourth quarter. The cuts will primarily affect pickups and sport utility vehicles.
Production cuts hurt automakers’ revenues because they book vehicles as sold when they leave the factory.
“We all would like the basic business environment to not have deteriorated, but clearly the most important thing we can do for the long-term success of the Ford Motor Company is deal with this reality,” Ford President and Chief Executive Alan Mulally said in a conference call Thursday.
Mulally said the company expects a longer and slower recovery than it did several weeks ago and won’t immediately set a new profitability target.
It was a stunning turnaround from last month, when Ford posted a surprise first-quarter profit of $100 million and billionaire investor Kirk Kerkorian announced plans to buy up to 20 million shares of Ford stock because of his confidence in the company’s direction. Ford said Thursday its board voted to remain neutral on Kerkorian’s offer.
Ford shares dropped 64 cents, or 8.2 percent, to $7.16.
Still, some analysts cheered Ford’s actions.
“Ford has been very cautious on production already, and I think they want to prevent inventories from building up at the dealers,” said Burnham Securities auto analyst David Healy. “They’re pretty clear-sighted and they wanted to lay it all out.”
James McTevia, a Detroit-area turnaround specialist, said the U.S. market isn’t likely to improve this year, so Ford’s moves will likely be echoed throughout the industry.
“Ford is doing the right thing. … ,” he said.
General Motors Corp. cut its forecast for U.S. sales last month and has said it would cut second-quarter production in North America by 5 percent. But GM is under less pressure to make further cuts because of a nearly three-month strike at supplier American Axle and Manufacturing Holdings Inc., which affected more than 30 GM plants and cost the automaker more than 100,000 vehicles, mostly trucks and SUVs. GM spokesman Chris Lee wouldn’t say whether GM plans additional cuts.
Chrysler LLC quietly cut North American production by 16 percent in the first four months of this year, but won’t say how much more it might cut, spokesman Ed Saenz said. Toyota Motor Corp. and Nissan Motor Co. said they also have cut North American production to meet lower demand.
Bruce Clark, an auto analyst with Moody’s Investors Service, affirmed Ford’s credit ratings and said the automaker is in the best position of any U.S. automaker to weather the storm because of its gross liquidity, which stood at $40.6 billion as of March 31.